In 2003, researchers at the Centro Ballena Azul (CBA), led by Dr. Rodrigo Hucke-Gaete, they discovered for science major populations of blue whales in Southern Chile. Subsequent studies, supported by WWF, have revealed that these populations return every summer to feed and raise their calves, mainly in the Gulf of Corcovado and Chiloé, becoming this area in one of the most important areas of the planet to blue whales. This and other records, and CBA allowed WWF to develop a proposal for the creation of a MUMPAs, which received broad political and social, national and international (Using Commissions Seaboard regions of lakes support and Aysen, both houses of Congress, Chilean scientists, etc.) national and international environmental NGO `y. However, the designation of this legal figure, was postponed indefinitely in August 2007 by the National Commission for the Use of the Seaboard (CNUBC), pending further dissemination and citizen participation.
Responding to this request, and seeking to incorporate new elements to the conservation proposal, the Government of Chile launched an ambitious study, more than two years of research and information gathering through dissemination workshops and participation with local actors. Thus, and based on a systematic planning process, the study proposed three priority areas for marine conservation: Corcovado-Guafo, Guamblin-Kent and Chiloé-Crowned. Of these, located in Corcovado-Guafo is the most important of all, it would allow further meet conservation goals necessary for several species, processes and representative ecosystems.
The Marine and Coastal Multipurpose Corcovado Guafo area, is located south of the Big Island of Chiloé, between latitudes 43º05 'S and 44º35' S, and from the slope of the island Guafo to the Gulf of Corcovado, including part of the provinces of Chiloé and Palena in the Lakes Region and the northern part of the province of Aysen. This area is representative of ecosystems and fjords of northern Patagonia, and is flanked by breathtaking snow-covered, highlighting the Melimoyu volcano in the east. To the west, the area is influenced by the great ocean current drift of the West, which then form the Humboldt north and Cape Horn to the south.
Other ecosystems that are represented are: chemotrophic communities that draw their energy from submarine volcanic outcrops; communities living submarine canyons up to a thousand feet deep; intertidal benthic ecosystems with tides reaching up to 15 meters, banks ecosystems formed by cold water corals that provide shelter and substrate for a variety of organisms.
One of the most bio-oceanographic processes relevant to our shores power manifests in the area, and corresponds to the process of upwelling nutrients seabed rises producing abundance of food for many species.
Hundreds of species are present in the area, including fish, crustaceans, molluscs, echinoderms, algae, local and migratory birds, large and small cetaceans, marine mammals, corals, sponges and even the most imperceptible as polychaetes and bacteria. Among the best known wildlife are: Black-browed Albatross, Black Fardela, lile Cormorant, Magellanic Penguin, Seagull Cahuil, Piquero, flightless Quetru, sperm whale, blue whale, humpback whale, sei whale, Orca, Peale's dolphin, Chilean dolphin, Burmeister's porpoise, common Lobo, Lobo austral fine, chungungo, huillín, cold water corals, austral hake, toothfish, Stripes, Conger golden Cojinobas, Sierra, Urchins, Crabs, Clams and Culengue.