548. Haldane Estuary is probably the most significant estuary for birds in the southern area, and is the best option in the South Catlins to represent estuarine habitat in the marine protected areas network. The Forum thinks that its overall biodiversity value make it an important site to consider for a marine protected area.
549. Existing management and monitoring could provide a sound basis for future management of the area as a marine protected area.
537. The proposed MPA covers the Haldane Estuary and incorporates 1.8 km2 of estuarine habitat.
538. The restrictions that are proposed for this estuary are designed to protect the estuary from high levels of extraction that would compromise the ecological systems, as well as bottom disturbance. They include:
• no dredging • no set net fishing • no commercial line fishing • no mechanical harvesting (including spades for collecting shellfish)
• no fyke net fishing • no whitebaiting
539. Hand-gathering, spear fishing and recreational line fishing, noncommercial gathering of paruparu and beach cast kelp will be permitted. This package of fishing restrictions is proposed to allow for the maintenance and recovery of the biodiversity of the area, by prohibiting bottom impacting methods and reducing fishing effects on the ecosystem, natural species composition and trophic linkages.
540. There are wāhi tapu located on the coast and the recovery of koiwi and other cultural artifacts by Kāi Tahu shall not be impacted by this proposal.