Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument
On September 15, 2016, President Obama designated the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument for waters of the North Atlantic managed by NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). The Monument (see Figure 1) covers underwater seamounts (Bear, Mytilus, Physalia, and Retriever) and submerged canyons (Oceanographer, Gilbert, and Lydonia). According to the President’s Proclamation, the Monument is designed to provide protection for important ecological resources and marine species, including deep-sea corals; sperm, fin, and sei whales; Kemp’s ridley sea turtles; and deep-sea fish. Commercial fishing, other than for American lobster and Atlantic deep-sea red crab taken with fixed gear, is prohibited within the Monument as of November 14, 2016, 60 days from the Monument proclamation.
Frequently Asked Questions
|Can I fish commercially in the Monument?||Effective November 14, 2016, no vessel may fish commercially in the Monument, except for fixed gear (pot and trap) vessels fishing with permits for lobster or red crab.|
|What species may be retained and sold from the Monument?||No species may be retained and sold from the Monument, except for lobster and red crab taken with pots or traps.|
|By when must I remove my gear from the Monument?||All fishing gear, with the exception of allowed and appropriately tagged lobster/crab pots, must be removed from the area before 12:01am on November 14, 2016.|
|How long can lobster and red crab harvesters fish in the Monument?||The Presidential Proclamation for the Monument provides lobster and red crab pot and trap harvesters with an exemption from the fishing prohibition for not more than seven years.|
|Can I fish recreationally in the Monument?||Yes. Anglers can continue to fish according to permits and limits that existed before the Monument designation. However, there could be future restrictions or permit requirements. We will provide anglers ample notice of any changes, and we will provide updated information regularly.|
|Can I transit through the Monument with commercial fishing gear aboard my vessel?||Yes. To transit the Monument, gear must not be available for immediate use and appropriately stowed either below deck, on deck, or on reel, consistent with the definitions at 50 CFR 648.2.|
|Does NMFS have regulations in place for the Monument?||Not yet. The Proclamation, issued in the Federal RegisterSeptember 15, 2016 (81 FR 65159), states that NOAA, on behalf of the Department of Commerce, and in conjunction with U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, on behalf of the Department of Interior, shall put in place a joint management plan within three years of the Monument designation. In addition to the Monument management plan, we are working as quickly as possible to develop and implement Monument-related regulations for the appropriate fishery management plans.|
"The designation of the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument protects 4,913 square miles and begins about 150 miles southeast of Cape Cod. Although little fishing occurs there now, the designation phases out commercial fishing and prohibits other extractive activities such as mining and drilling.
The monument is the latest addition in a movement to protect special ocean areas across the country and the globe. Unlike the Administration’s other marine monument designations, it is located offshore from major urban population centers: according to the U.S. Census Bureau, at least 25 million people – more than 8 percent of the U.S. population – lived in counties with ocean coastline from Maine to New York in 2010."
From Gloucester Times website (2015 Aug 31):
"Conservation Law Foundation (CLF) and partners such as the National Geographic Society, Pew Charitable Trusts and the Natural Resources Defense Council are seeking protections for the Cashes Ledge Closed Area, about 80 miles due east of Gloucester in the Gulf of Maine, and the New England Canyons and Seamounts off Cape Cod — areas CLF describes as “deep sea treasures.”
A CLF official told the News Service on Monday that the Cashes Ledge area covers 530 square nautical miles in the Gulf of Maine, and the New England Canyons and Seamounts encompasses 4,117 square nautical miles, for a total of 4,647 square nautical miles of protected areas."
From NRDC website:
The New England Coral Canyons and Seamounts is an area that starts around 150 miles southeast of Cape Cod and includes five dramatic underwater canyons, some deeper than the Grand Canyon, along with four underwater mountains--or "seamounts"--that rise as high as 7,000 feet above the ocean floor--higher than any mountain east of the Rockies. The canyon walls and seamount slopes are alive with vivid cold-water corals of otherworldly beauty--some the size of small trees that have grown over centuries. The waters above teem with diverse marine life, with a concentration of plankton, squid and other forage organisms providing a banquet for marine mammals, including the iconic sperm whale, seabirds, sea turtles and an array of fish.
Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument
from wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northeast_Canyons_and_Seamounts_Marine_National_Monument
The Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument is a marine national monument of the United States off the coast of New England , on the edge of Georges Bank . It was created by President Barack Obama on September 15, 2016. It is the first U.S. national marine monument in the Atlantic Ocean .  
The National Monument protects several underwater seamounts ( Bear , Mytilus , Physalia , and Retriever Seamounts ) and three submarine canyons in the edge of the continental shelf (Oceanographer, Lydonia, and Gilbert).