The Kermadec Trench Hope Spot is a submarine trench in the floor of the South Pacific Ocean just to the east of the Kemadec Islands and northeast of mainland New Zealand. It is one of the Earth’s deepest oceanic trenches, plunging more than 10 kilometers beneath the ocean’s surface — about five times deeper than the Grand Canyon. The Kermadec Trench has been identified as a globally important marine area for its high level of marine biodiversity, including whales, sharks, turtles, and large pelagic ocean fish. The seafloor features large submarine volcanoes and hydrothermal vents inhabited by specialized species found nowhere else. The New Zealand government created a no-take marine reserve around the Kermadec Islands in 1990, and now WWF is working with the Pew Environment Group to secure additional protection for the trench surrounding the islands.
431 fish species (32 percent of total fish species found in New Zealand)
11 percent of the total number of seabird species in the world are found here
More than 3 million breeding pairs of seabirds
Identified as a pristine place by National Geographic and Census of Marine Life in 2010
Part of the world's longest chain of undersea volcanoes
Home to crabs and shrimp that live near superheated water at hydrothermal vents
Marine Conservation Institute and the Waitt Foundation provide this
interactive tool to help users visualize the locations and coverage of global
marine protected areas (MPA). This atlas provides information on over 8000 MPAs
globally, drawing on datasets from the
World Database on Protected Areas1,
US MPA Center2,
and other country- and regional-level data authorities, as well as research
conducted by the Marine Conservation Institute.
In addition to MPA boundaries and site management information, this dataset
contains information on conservation measures with a particular focus on those
restricting the exploitation of marine life.
Features on this site are designed to allow users to understand (1) where current
protection exists and at what level, and (2), where important areas for future protection
are and any processes underway to establish MPAs. This provides vital information to
countries and their citizens interested in ocean conservation, management and stewardship.
The dataset is constantly being updated and we welcome visitors to the site to provide
feedback and update content by creating a member account on MPAtlas today.