A wide variety of ecosystems are found along India's 8,000km coastline, including wetlands, coral reefs, mangroves, islands, lagoons and estuaries. They support a wide diversity of species, and provide rich spawning and breeding grounds for fish and other marine wildlife. These areas also provide a number of important services for the human population, not least protecting the coast from tidal action, storm surges and tsunamis. While coastal fishing communities support measures to protect their fishing grounds, they are adamant that they need to be involved in making decisions over which areas should be protected, how and to what extent. This is a critical issue as effective implementation of marine reserves will be impossible without community support.
Marine Conservation Institute and the Waitt Foundation provide this
interactive tool to help users visualize the locations and coverage of global
marine protected areas (MPA). This atlas provides information on over 8000 MPAs
globally, drawing on datasets from the
World Database on Protected Areas1,
US MPA Center2,
and other country- and regional-level data authorities, as well as research
conducted by the Marine Conservation Institute.
In addition to MPA boundaries and site management information, this dataset
contains information on conservation measures with a particular focus on those
restricting the exploitation of marine life.
Features on this site are designed to allow users to understand (1) where current
protection exists and at what level, and (2), where important areas for future protection
are and any processes underway to establish MPAs. This provides vital information to
countries and their citizens interested in ocean conservation, management and stewardship.
The dataset is constantly being updated and we welcome visitors to the site to provide
feedback and update content by creating a member account on MPAtlas today.