The Bird’s Head Seascape (BHS) sits in the global epicenter of marine biodiversity in the Coral Triangle, in northwest Papua Barat, Indonesia. With over 1,700 recorded species of coral reef fishes and more than 600 species of hard coral, the BHS has the highest coral reef diversity recorded for an area of its size anywhere in the world. The Seascape contains critical habitats for globally threatened marine species, including the largest Pacific leatherback turtle nesting site in the world, green and hawksbill turtle nesting sites, and migratory populations of sperm and Bryde’s whales, orcas and numerous dolphin species.
The coral reefs and mangrove forests of the BHS are the life support system of the people of West Papua, providing a significant source of protein, jobs in marine tourism, and coastal protection from storms and tsunamis. While the ecosystems within the seascape are still relatively intact, certain areas were previously impacted by destructive fishing methods, and the threats of overfishing and poorly planned coastal development remain.
Strategy for Achieving Results:
Design each MPA to deliver sustainable fisheries management and biodiversity conservation, with at least 20 percent of all critical habitats protected in no-take zones
Develop co-management systems with local communities, governments and partners, providing effective monitoring, enforcement and outreach
Build local capacity to manage the Seascape’s rich natural resources by hiring, empowering and training local Papuan staff
Embed the MPA network within sound fisheries and coastal development policies, innovative environmental education systems, and necessary infrastructure and facilities, with a strong focus on encouraging green economic growth